John and Donald travel to a convenience store in Donaldâ€™s car. John says he wants to purchase a bottle of water and a honey bun. As he exits the car, John asks Donald if he needs anything. Donald says no. John places a mask over his face after he exits the car. John enters the store, pulls out a pistol, and demands that the store clerk give him all of the storeâ€™s money. The store clerk hands the money to John and also trips the secret alarm. John exits the store. He gets in the car and yells to Donald, â€œGo, go, go!â€ He tells Donald he just robbed the store. Donald panics and wants John to exit his car, but he drives John home and decides not to speak with John ever again.
John is later apprehended after using â€œmarkedâ€ money from the robbery. The police charge him with the offenses of armed robbery and possession of stolen goods.
- Should Donald be charged as a conspirator or as a party to the crime? Why or why not? Would your answer be different if John gave Donald money in exchange for his silence? How so?
- Pretend that you are a law-enforcement officer. What facts establish Johnâ€™s criminal intent for armed robbery and possession of stolen goods?I
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