Respond to at least two colleagues who chose a different theory than your own and provide insight into their post.
Support your responses with specific references to the Learning Resources. Be sure to provide full APA citations for your references.
Ask question to student about topic, Use at least 1 peer reviewed reference.
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Response to Hilda
Life review can assist older adults to feel valued and help process life issues. â€œLife review conducted for therapeutic purposes can help people cope with loss, guilt, conflict or defeat; or help someone find meaning in oneâ€™s accomplishmentsâ€ (Haber, 2006, p.155). Erikson Theory best aligns with life review; it helps the older population accept life and prevent negative life issues. According to Haber (2006) â€œErikson viewed life review or reminiscence as vital to the task of stage eight, the stage associated with old age. Life review can help older individuals acquire ego integrity and avoid despair. A life review, according to Erikson, can help create an acceptance of oneâ€™s one and only life cycle with few or no regretsâ€ (p.157).
â€œLife review is a useful tool when working with the elderly because it keeps their memory active. It promotes memories that may have once been positive tend to fade and may need to be retrieved, reaffirmed, and validated in the context of present day lifeâ€ (Haber, 2006, p.160). They stay active in the family or community by sharing these stories. Life review is a positive tool and should be used to assist the elderly population.
Haber, D. (2006). Life review: Implementation, theory, research, and therapy. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 63(2), 153â€“171.
Response to Michael,
Post your choice of a theory that best aligns with the use of a life review and why.
According to Puentes (as cited by Haber, 2006), â€œsuggests that life review can be integrated with, and strengthen, cognitive therapy [CT] through the review of major themes in oneâ€™s life and examining them for cognitive distortionsâ€ (p. 160). I feel that CT can help people, older or whom seem to be going through a crisis, understand and identify their thinking distortions. CT might even help some people come to terms with a distressful event in their lives. The term â€œold people are set in their waysâ€ comes to mind when thinking of the life review. To an extent, the term is true because of the lifeâ€™s experiences and what those experiences have proved to be valid. The term also brings a negative connotation with it by implying that you cannot change an old personâ€™s way of thinking. I think CT coupled with the life review can change the way and/or mitigate the distress in a persons life about a situation.
Explain how you believe life review can be a useful intervention when working with elderly clients.
According to Weiss (as cited by Haber, 2006), â€˜The life review process is often seen by older adults as a more appealing and less threatening activity than most counseling interventions, because it invites older adults to discuss their past and to uncover positive life experiences and inner strengthsâ€™ (p. 168). I believe this to accurate. The client, as always, is more familiar with the intricate details of their memories. Why not employ the life review if the client is able to recall some of the joyous times in their life instead of using an intervention they have not used? I would use the life review coupled with CT for memories that seem to cause some distress, but in general I think the life review is could serve as a breath of fresh air for the client. The worker must be attentive and engage in dialogue with the client.
Haber, D. (2006). Life review: Implementation, theory, research, and therapy. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 63(2), 153â€“171.