Question Description

Please write a Paragraph answering to this discussion below with your opinion:

Then American Nurses Association defines nursing as “Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, facilitation of healing, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations” (Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice, Third Edition, 2015).

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This definition of nursing incorporates the metaparadigm theories of nursing in several ways. The metaparadigm is one tier in the broad pyramid of nursing. It suggests that environment, person, health and nursing are what makes up the components of an important layer of nursing. These are broad categories and allow for adjustments over time and with research. (Hood, L. J., & Leddy, S. K, 2006)

The American Nurses Association’s definition follows the metaparadigm by suggesting that nursing is not only the promotion of healing for a person but families, groups and whole communities. This is part of the environment that is mentioned in the metaparadigm. By just promoting health to one individual you can only do so much, teaching a whole community prevention of illness there will be much greater benefit by creating a healthier, safer environment. However, focusing on the individual or person mentioned in the metaparadigm is also something included in the ANA’s definition of nursing. They mention individuals, nursing is always best when you individualize the care you are giving to each patient. ANA includes the six essential features of professional nursing and it includes a relationship with the patient that uses “health and healing”, which must be individualized as much as possible. Health is another category in the metaparadigm. According to the ANA’s definition health is to be promoted to all people, illness is to be prevented and through nursing which is the last category, we are responsible to facilitate the best care possible to continuously promote health to everyone. As well as to advocate for individuals and communities so they will be alleviated of suffering. (Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice, Third Edition, 2015).


Hood, L. J., & Leddy, S. K. (2006). Conceptual bases of professional nursing (6th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Scope and Standards of Practice, Third Edition , 2015. Retrieved by :

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