Chapter 1 Questions

Define, explain, and give examples of the following using the language of social psychology

(S.P.) used in the text. When one of these ideas is credited to a specific name or names, be

certain to give the names.

Answer the Study Guide questions on Chapter 1. DO NOT make the mistake of simply looking

at a question, then going to the chapter and searching for the answer. If you do this without

reading the chapter, you will not understand how different ideas fit together, and you will miss

much of the material.I. In one sentence for each, give the basic orientation of Sociology, Psychology, and Social


Study Guide Questions Grading Rubric: Responses to the Study Guide Questions will be

graded on how accurately and completely you captured the essence of the idea you were queried

about in your own words. Remember, in order to help you comprehend the meaning of these

ideas, you must put their meanings in your own words

Explain the difference between macrosociology and microsociology. Give Examples.

III. What does sociological social psychology deal with?

IV. Explain the perspectives of each of the below within sociological social psychology.

a. Symbolic Interactionism

b. Social structure and personality

c. Group processes

V. What does each of these refer to? Remember, when your text associates a name with a

concept, always include the name (or names) in your answer.

a. Sociological imagination

b. Ethnomethodology

c. Breaching experiments

d. Social norms

e. Values

f. Status

g. Roles

h. Organizations

i. Social institution

j. Culture

Chapter 1 Self-Application over lecture

People are free to choose what truth they pursue in understanding people. Though few choose

only one path, scientists focus on science, theologians may focus on faith, racists may focus on

alpha stance. Please refer to the “TRUTH?” upload.

Self-Applications over Class Lecture Grading Rubric: Based on the thoughtfulness of your effort in working with ideas from the

lecture and chapter. One approach could be to take a couple of the main ideas from the chapter

and apply them to the lecture in the light of your own life experiences. If upon completion you

feel you have accomplished something in advancing your understanding of human behavior,

your effort will be acceptable.

1. For each one of the categories of truth mentioned in the lecture, “TRUTH?” speculate

about the type of people that may be drawn to it.

2. Tell which one(s) you would choose if you were free to adopt any one(s) you wish.


3. What are some of the advantages of the scientific method for studying people?

Self-Application over Lecture – Example (DO NOT USE, JUST AN EXAMPLE!)

Throughout this chapter, I learned some important information regarding the art of

persuasion. I, like the author, like to argue and always want to be right. My belief is that logic

and common sense should be prevalent enough to come up to the same conclusions that I

have. I’ve not taken into account the emotions of a person and what they think might be in it for

me. When I make arguments (pending on the situation), I want to come to a decision that will

best accommodate everyone involved. Others will agree that I put other people’s interest way

before my own. For example, during the holiday season, there was an overnight shift at work

that had to be covered for someone who had a family emergency and was unable to work. The

person who did the scheduling for the program came to me and said that she had talked to

everyone personally and nobody was willing to cover the shift. During staff meeting a couple

days later, I discussed the open overnight shift. In my discussion I talked up the team as to how

great we were compared to other programs, how tight we have bonded and are always helping

one another. At the end, I offered to cover part of the overnight shift (mentioning that I was an

exempt employee and wouldn’t get paid for the extra hours) and was looking for others who

would split the shift with me. More than half of the staff offered to help with the shift. My staff

is aware that I do not expect them to do anything that I have not or will not do myself and

although I don’t have to prove it, it reassures their perception of me when I do.

While revisiting this situation, I wondered why the supervisor was unable to get anyone

to work the overnight shift. She was more than prepared to do it herself until the staff

meeting. She has a good rapport with most all of the staff but is still somewhat new to her

position as supervisor. I have a greater influence over the staff than she does due to my position,

competence and rapport with all the staff members individually and as a team. Since she is new

to the position, she has yet to gain this status and trust with all the staff. Talking up the team as a

whole put everyone in a good mood, not to mention that I announced we were awarded “Provider

of the Year” by the Division of Youth Corrections for this year. When I presented the lack of

coverage as a team issue, the majority of staff was willing to jump in and help out. Everyone

but myself was to gain financially from this shift as it would have been overtime for most. Showing that I was willing to go above and beyond set the bar high for everyone and

many were ready to meet the challenge.

Above I mentioned that I always like to be right, and so does my wife. Often times this

ends up in pretty funny debates as to how we can convince each other of our view. Most of these

debates are over trivial issues that neither of us care about and being right or wrong will not

impact us either way. We both like to argue. In my bookcase I have a book by Gerry Spence

How to Argue and Win Every Time. This is a book I read almost 10 years ago and barely

remember the information in it. My wife has seen the book (not read it) and refers to it often in

the context that I might need to brush up and read the book again just to spite me. Recently we

had a discussion regarding preschool for our oldest daughter. She did a lot of research regarding

the educational opportunities in our community and had scheduled a tour. The school we were

to tour was for low to middle class families and a very few high income families. To my

complete astonishment we were considered high income. The chances were not good that we

would be able to get into this school due to our status. Other schools in the area were primarily

Christian based schools. My wife is uncomfortable with sending our children to Christian

schools mainly because she never has been to church and it is “the unknown” to her. She has no

desire to even attend a church sermon to see what it’s about. I on the other hand, went to church

every Sunday of my youth. I am much more comfortable sending my children to a Christian

school than she is because of my familiarity with it. In my persuasion to get her to at least

consider a Christian school, I mentioned that neither one of us has anything to lose in this

situation. The schooling is for our daughter and regardless of biases we need to consider all

options. Maybe I do remember a thing or two from Gerry Spence. In the end we both agreed to

visit 3-4 preschool programs and pick the one we felt would be best for our daughter, biases

aside. In this situation we both had emotional views that went beyond our daughter’s

education. I am more comfortable with a Christian based school due to my past experiences with

church and the type of people that church collects (as in good natured people). On the other

hand, a school for mostly low income families can put our daughter in a position of mingling

with children or siblings of our clients. Not that she would have any knowledge of this but the

idea that we do make enemies could potentially put her at harm. What a thought. Might as well

home school!

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