1100 words Due 9/28/2020 Advantages and disadvantages of probability vs. non-probability sampling in research

1. (500 words) List at least 5 Advantages and disadvantages of probability vs. non-probability sampling in research.

2. (200 words)  words provide 4 example for probability vs. non-probability method.

3. (200 words)  words How can probability vs. non-probability sampling enhance health research?

4. (200 words) provide example of when and how these methods were used in clinical research setting.

use APA 7th edition format with at least 3 credible sources, subheadings.




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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Names: Polit, Denise F., author. | Beck, Cheryl Tatano, author. Title: Essentials of nursing research : appraising evidence for nursing practice / Denise

F. Polit, Cheryl Tatano Beck. Description: Ninth edition. | Philadelphia : Wolters Kluwer Health, [2018] | Includes

bibliographical references and index. Identifiers: LCCN 2016043994 | ISBN 9781496351296 Subjects: | MESH: Nursing Research | Evidence-Based Nursing Classification: LCC RT81.5 | NLM WY 20.5 | DDC 610.73072—dc23 LC record available at https://lccn.loc.gov/2016043994

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Denise F. Polit, PhD, FAAN, is an American health care researcher who is recognized internationally as an authority on research methods, statistics, and measurement. She received her Bachelor’s degree from Wellesley College and her Ph.D. from Boston College. She is the president of a research consulting company, Humanalysis, Inc., in Saratoga Springs, New York, and professor at Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia. She has published in numerous journals and has written several award-winning textbooks. She has recently written a ground-breaking book on measurement in health, Measurement and the Measurement of Change: A Primer for the Health Professions. Her research methods books with Dr. Cheryl Beck have been translated into French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Chinese, and Japanese. She has been invited to give lectures and presentations in many countries, including Australia, India, Ireland, Denmark, Norway, South Africa, Turkey, Sweden, and the Philippines. Denise has lived in Saratoga Springs for 29 years and is active in the community. She has assisted numerous nonprofit organizations in designing surveys and analyzing survey data. Currently, she serves on the board of directors of the YMCA, Opera Saratoga, and the Saratoga Foundation.




Cheryl Tatano Beck, DNSc, CNM, FAAN, is a distinguished professor at the University of Connecticut, School of Nursing, with a joint appointment in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the School of Medicine. She received her master’s degree in maternal–newborn nursing from Yale University and her doctor of nursing science degree from Boston University. She has received numerous awards such as the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nursing’s Distinguished Professional Service Award, Eastern Nursing Research Society’s Distinguished Researcher Award, the Distinguished Alumna Award from Yale University School of Nursing, and the Connecticut Nurses’ Association’s Diamond Jubilee Award for her contribution to nursing research. Over the past 30 years, Cheryl has focused her research efforts on developing a research program on postpartum mood and anxiety disorders. Based on the findings from her series of qualitative studies, Cheryl developed the Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS), which is published by Western Psychological Services. She is a prolific writer who has published over 150 journal articles. In addition to co-authoring award-winning research methods books with Denise Polit, Cheryl coauthored with Dr. Jeanne Driscoll Postpartum Mood and Anxiety Disorders: A Clinician’s Guide, which received the 2006 American Journal of Nursing Book of the Year Award. In addition, Cheryl has published two other books: Traumatic Childbirth and Routledge International Handbook of Qualitative Nursing Research. Her most recent book is Developing a Program of Research in Nursing.





Essentials of Nursing Research, ninth edition, helps students learn how to read and critique research reports and to develop an appreciation of research as a path to enhancing nursing practice.

We continue to enjoy updating this book with important innovations in research methods and with nurse researchers’ use of emerging methods. Feedback from our loyal adopters has inspired several important changes to the content and organization. We are convinced that these revisions introduce important improvements—while retaining many features that have made this book a classic best-selling textbook throughout the world. The ninth edition of this book, its study guide, and its online resources will make it easier and more satisfying for nurses to pursue a professional pathway that incorporates thoughtful appraisals of evidence.

LEGACY OF ESSENTIALS OF NURSING RESEARCH This edition, like its predecessors, is focused on the art—and science—of research critique. The textbook offers guidance to students who are learning to appraise research reports and use research findings in practice.

Among the basic principles that helped to shape this and earlier editions of this book are as follows:

1. An assumption that competence in doing and appraising research is critical to the nursing profession

2. A conviction that research inquiry is intellectually and professionally rewarding to nurses

3. An unswerving belief that learning about research methods need be neither intimidating nor dull

Consistent with these principles, we have tried to present research fundamentals in a way that both facilitates understanding and arouses curiosity and interest.

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