Select an ethnic minority group that is represented in the United States (American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian American, Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander). Using health information available from Healthy People, the CDC, and other relevant government websites, analyze the health status for this group.
In a paper of 1,000-1,250 words, compare and contrast the health status of your selected minority group to the national average. Include the following:
- Describe the ethnic minority group selected. Describe the current health status of this group. How do race and ethnicity influence health for this group?
- What are the health disparities that exist for this group? What are the nutritional challenges for this group?
- Discuss the barriers to health for this group resulting from culture, socioeconomics, education, and sociopolitical factors.
- What health promotion activities are often practiced by this group?
- Describe at least one approach using the three levels of health promotion prevention (primary, secondary, and tertiary) that is likely to be the most effective in a care plan given the unique needs of the minority group you have selected. Provide an explanation of why it might be the most effective choice.
- What cultural beliefs or practices must be considered when creating a care plan? What cultural theory or model would be best to support culturally competent health promotion for this population? Why?
Cite at least three peer-reviewed or scholarly sources to complete this assignment. Sources should be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and public health content.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support
APA Formatting Tutorial
Hello, and welcome to Grand Canyon University’s APA Formatting Tutorial. This tutorial will
cover the basic format required for all papers submitted to GCU and will utilize Microsoft Word.
Most of the features demonstrated in this tutorial are available in earlier versions of Microsoft
Word but may be found in different locations. Keep in mind that different platforms and versions
of Word may look different and have different features. Access to Microsoft Office is provided
by GCU and can be installed from the GCU Technical Support website. A link is provided in the
Additional Resources list below this video.
Using GCU Templates
Using GCU Templates. The easiest way to format your paper correctly is by beginning with the
APA Template provided in the Student Success Center. To access the Student Success Center,
first log into your course. Next, click on “Dashboard,” then “Student Resources” and then click
on “Student Success Center.”
On the Student Success Center page, click on the Resources drop-down menu toward the top of
the page. Under Tools, click on “The Writing Center” and then “Style Guides and Templates.”
Under “Style Guides and Templates,” you will see the APA 7th Edition Template listed. There
are two versions, one with an abstract and one without. Click on the version that you want to use.
Your assignment will say if an abstract is required or not.
Note that there are a number of different templates available in the Writing Center and that
different level classes and disciplines have unique formatting requirements. You should select
and use the correct template for your assignment. If you are unsure as to which template to use,
consult your instructor.
When you click on the template, your computer will ask you to open or save the file. Choose
“Save” and save it with your other Word documents, or somewhere that you will easily
Once you save the template, double click on the file to open it. The file template may also open
automatically depending on your computer’s settings.
If there is a yellow bar at the top of the page that says “Protected View,” you will need to click
“Enable Editing” before you can make changes. This too may vary depending on the platform
you are using.
Now that the template is open, you will be able to simply insert your information into the paper
by highlighting the text you want to replace and typing over it.
Title Page. First, add your title to the paper in place of the text “Typing Template for APA
Papers: A Sample of Proper Formatting for the APA 7th Edition.” A title should be descriptive,
focused, and it should include the key concepts of the paper.
After you have entered your title, add your Name where the Template says “Student A. Sample.”
For group projects, add the names of the other students in your group on the same line.
Next, enter the name of your college at GCU, such as the College of Nursing & Health Care
Professions, which is followed on all papers by “Grand Canyon University.” Then enter the
course prefix and number, and the course title. The next line is for your instructor or instructors.
Finally, enter the date the assignment is due.
The template already includes the page numbers, so you will not need to add them.
There is more information about how to format your title page on the APA Style website and the
GCU Library’s Citing Sources in APA guide. Links are provided in the additional resources
Abstract. If you downloaded the template that included the abstract, your next page is the
abstract. An abstract is just a brief summary of your paper. Abstracts should be no more than 250
words and include your key points, research question, and conclusions. For papers that include
original research, include the design, method, and results of the research you did.
Your assignment will say if an abstract is required. Many assignments do not require an abstract,
so use the Template Without Abstract if one is not required.
There is more information about how to create an abstract on the APA Style website and the
GCU Library’s Citing Sources in APA guide. Links are provided in the additional resources
Main Body. Once you are finished with your abstract (if you have one) scroll to the next page
(page 3). If you do not have an abstract, this will be the second page right after the title page.
This is where you will begin to write your paper.
On the first line on this page, type the full title of your paper, in bold. Once you have done this,
you are ready to start typing your paper on the line below the title. Notice that the first line of the
paragraph is indented. Each time you start a new paragraph, the first line will automatically be
If you wish to divide your paper into sections, follow the format in the template. All headings are
in bold and have the first word and all words over four letters capitalized. The main headings,
called Level 1 headings, are centered. There is more information about how to use headings and
the different levels on the APA Style website and the GCU Library’s Citing Sources in APA
guide. Links to these resources are provided in the additional resources section.
In-Text Citations. As you type your paper, make sure that you cite any content that is from
another person or another source, whether a direct quote or just an idea. Citations will go in two
places. First, you will add an in-text citation directly after you reference another source in your
paper. Secondly, you will add the full reference to your reference list at the end of your paper.
Information about in-text and reference citations can be found in GCU Library’s Citing Sources
in APA Guide, the APA Style website, and in the Publication Manual of the American
In-text citations are much shorter than full citations. They generally include the author and date,
and for quotations, they also include page number or other specific location. For example, if I am
quoting from Eats, Shoots & Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation, by Lynne
Truss in my paper, I would say: Truss (2003) says about commas, “when it comes to improving
the clarity of a sentence, you can nearly always argue that one should go in; you can nearly
always argue that one should come out” (p. 80). You will notice the year follows the author’s
name. Since this is a direct quote, I include the page number at the end of the quote.
Sometimes sources, including some ebooks, do not have page numbers. If I want to quote Good
Arguments: Making Your Case in Writing and Public Speaking by Richard Holland Jr. and
Benjamin Forrest in my paper, I would say: As Holland and Forrest (2017) said, “No one knows
everything…you included. It stands to reason, then, that if you want to make good arguments,
you will need to rely on the arguments, ideas, and expertise of other authors” (Chapter 8). Since
this ebook does not have page numbers, I include the chapter instead. If you are not naming the
author in your sentence, then the in-text citation will follow the quote with author, year, and page
number or location. For example, if you were to write, “the English language first picked up the
apostrophe in the 16th century” you would then use author, year, and page number at the end of
quote: (Truss, 2003, p. 37).
If your quote is 40 or more words, it will need to be placed into a block quotation. Quotation
marks should not be used. The quote should begin on a new line and the entire quote should be
indented .5 inches from the left margin. Once the entire quote is written, remember to include the
in-text citation with a page number or other specific location in parentheses after the closing
More examples and tips for in-text citations can be found at the GCU Library’s Citing Sources in
APA Guide under ‘In-Text Citations’. For more information, please see the URLs listed below
under Additional Resources.
References. At the end of your paper, you will have your reference list. This is formatted
correctly in the APA 7th edition template in the Student Success Center that we have been using
as an example.
Note how the second line and any following lines of each citation in the reference list are
indented .5 inches. This is called a hanging indentation.
Let’s take a look at how the reference page is formatted. The first thing you should notice is that
the references are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. In some cases, when
there is no personal author, the name of the organization responsible for the source is used as the
While all references include the same basic information, each type of source is formatted slightly
differently. The last citation, Holland & Forrest, is for the book we quoted from earlier. The
citation includes the authors’ last names, followed by their initials, the publication year in
parentheses, the title of the book in sentence case and italics, and the name of the publisher. Even
though this book came from the library’s ebook collection, because it does not have a DOI, or
Digital Object Identifier, the reference is written the same as if it were a print book. The
reference to the Publication Manual is also a book, but it does have a DOI, so the DOI is at the
Next, we’ll look at the fourth reference, which is for a journal article by Copeland and others.
This article has four authors and all are listed. The publication year follows in parentheses, then
the title of the article. Two items when referencing a journal article are always in italics, the
journal title and the volume number. If there is an issue number, it will follow the journal volume
in parenthesis. The page numbers come next. At the end of this particular reference is a DOI. Not
all articles or books have DOIs, but if you use a source in your paper and it has a DOI, be sure to
include this in your reference. It should be formatted just as shown in the example.
The final references we will look at are for a document or a webpage found on an organization
website, the American Nurses Association and the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
examples. Notice that these references do not have a personal author. Instead, the department or
organization that is responsible for the information is listed as the author. Following the author is
the publication year in parentheses, and the title of the document found on the website in italics.
The first example then ends with the direct link to the source, as the webpage author and the
website’s owner are the same. The second example includes two additional pieces of information
before the link, a publication number, and the name of the overall government agencies
responsible for the document. Not all documents found online will include publication numbers,
but if you use a source that includes this information, it should be included in the reference.
These two pieces of information about this source can be clearly seen on the webpage for this
source, so we know to include them.
There is more information about different source types and how to cite them on the APA Style
website and the GCU Library’s Citing Sources in APA guide. Links are provided in the
additional resources section.
Finding Citations in the Library. Many of the databases in the library include citations that you
can copy and paste into the References section of your paper. In general, once you locate an
article in a database, look for a button or link that says “cite.” We will demonstrate how to locate
citations in two of our general databases.
First, let’s look at the Academic Search Complete database. To get there from the library
homepage, click “Find Journal Articles” in the middle of the page. Then scroll down to click on
“Academic Search Complete” on the list. If you are prompted to login, enter your GCU login –
the same one you use to log into the student portal. Let’s try a simple search to find scholarly
articles. When you locate an article that you wish to use as a source for your paper, click on the
title of that article to view the detailed record. On the right side of the screen, you will see a list
of tools. Locate the “Cite” button and click on it. The center of the screen will now display
citations formatted in different citation styles. Highlight the APA formatted citation with your
mouse, then right click and select “Copy” from the menu that pops up. Next, go to your Word
document, find the correct location in your “References” list for the reference, and right click in
that location. From the menu that pops up, click on “Merge Formatting” – it’s the middle icon. If
the reference is more than one line long, the second and any following lines should be indented.
To set this in Microsoft Word, highlight the entire reference, go to the “Home” tab and click on
the small arrow in the lower right corner of the “Paragraph” section. In the “Indentation” area of
the window that opens, select “Hanging” from the menu below “Special,” and then click on OK.
It’s also important to check the capitalization of words in the titles of selected resources. In this
example provided by the database, the first letter of each word in the title is capitalized.
Although the first letter of the first word needs to be uppercase, the remaining words in the
article title may need to be changed to lowercase letters per APA guidelines.
Next, let’s locate a reference in the Credo Reference database. To get there, go back to the “Find
Journal Articles” page. Since we know the name of the database, click on “C” and then click on
“Credo Reference.” When you locate an entry that you wish to use as a source for your paper,
click on the title of that article in your results list to open it. To the top of the article, click on the
“Citation” button – a dialogue box will open. Next, make sure that “APA” is selected, then
highlight, copy, and paste the citation into the appropriate place in the “References” section of
your paper. You will then need to correct any extra information included.
The library databases automatically generate citations based on data that is included in the
detailed bibliographic record. Sometimes, the citation may be missing some key information that
you would need to complete your reference page, and some databases have not yet updated to the
APA 7th Edition formatting. Many will also include the permalink, so you can find the article
again. Though this link is helpful to you, it is not a part of an APA reference. Always proofread
and double-check the citations from any library database.
Figuring out the correct way to cite sources can be challenging; however, there are many
resources available to assist you in the process. For quick citation formatting help, you can also
visit the GCU Library’s Citing Sources in APA guide or the APA Style website. Links to these
resources are located at the bottom of the page under “Additional Resources.”
Inside the Writing Center, where you downloaded the template at the beginning of this tutorial, is
a Style Guide for the APA 7th Edition that also includes examples of citations.
If you are in doubt about a citation format, please do not hesitate to contact a librarian by e-mail
or by chat at http://library.gcu.edu or by phone at 1-800-800-9776, extension 639-6641. You can
also consult with a LEAD at the ACE Centers. Make an appointment and find out more at the
ACE Center website found with the links below.
This concludes the APA Formatting Tutorial. If you have further questions about APA style,
please refer to these additional resources.